Disaster can strike at any moment, and at any time of day. Are you ready?
Do you have the skills necessary to endure and survive both during and after a disaster? If the answer to this was no, or you’re not sure, learn these basic disaster preparedness tips to give yourself a fighting chance in the case of an emergency situation.
Preparing and being ready for a disaster isn’t as daunting as it may sound. It involves keeping a basic disaster preparedness kit and plan ready to go at a moment’s notice.
Your disaster preparedness kit must contain adequate water and purification supplies, enough non-perishable food stores, a flashlight and candles, batteries, crank or battery-powered radio, medicines, first aid solutions, sanitation materials, and extra clothing and blankets.
This basic survival kit should be able to last you at minimum three days to a week. Once you have that down, you can start branching out into more long term survival methods if you wish.
Prepping for an emergency or disaster situation
No one knows when an emergency situation is going to arise. Keeping a solid prep and exit plan is crucial to the survival chances for you and your loved ones.
The following are some of the tips, advice, and recommendation to prepare for an emergency adequately.
Fresh drinking water
Accessing fresh water in a disaster situation is important. Each member of your famly should have a minimum of a gallon of water each day, and have enough on hand to last a week.
Water containers should always be made of plastic, and you should have filters and tablets for water purification ready and available when needed.
Adequate food stores
At minimum, a three day supply of non-perishable food should be kept ready to go for all members and any of your pets. We recommend bumping this up to a week’s supply if possible.
Examples of non-perishable foods are canned meats and vegetables, rice, boxed meals, and dehydrated food packs.
Have an alternative cooking source
If the power goes out for an extended period of time, you won’t have access to electrical food cooking sources.
Propane stoves or a BBQ are a great alternative to this, and portable versions of these have are available and a great alternate source if the electricity fails.
If you plan on using this method, ensure that you have an extra supply of propane or charcoal bricks on hand in your kit.
Have spare clothes and blankets set aside
Keep and maintain a set of spare clothes for each of your family members, along with blankets or sleeping bags. If you have to leave your home, it’s important to be able to stay warm.
Having a steady supply of good wood is also a good idea as these could be used for those fireplaces or for stoves that use wood for burning.
Don’t be left in the dark
A flashlight and extra batteries should be kept in your survival kit, as well as a battery powered or crank radio to obtain updates from officials on the situation at hand.
Another great light source to keep in your kit are candles.
Keep prescriptions filled
Try to keep any prescriptions that you or your family member may have filled as much as possible. Also, try to maintain an added supply of medication, both non-prescription and prescribed ones.
Contact your healthcare provider for any refill prescriptions in advance.
Have cash on hand and some gas
Credit cards are going to be useless in the event that the whole power system fails. Keep an emergency cash supply on hand in case this happens, or you could be left with no access to money.
Always keep your car’s gas tank filled, and keep an extra tank as well.
Pack books in your survival gear
It could be a lifesaver mentally to have some books and some board games available to entertain yourself during a power failure during emergencies.
While it may not seem very practical, keeping yourself entertained can keep your spirits up.
Get to know your neighbors
Getting to know the neighbors you have in your area isn’t just a good idea for when you need to borrow some sugar. Your neighbors can be a valuable resource and you may need each other’s help if the basic services are interrupted.
When prepping for a disaster, have a good exit plan
Having a plan in place for when emergency strikes is crucial for the safety of you and your family. Practicing it and improving on it will improve your abilities to function calmy in the event that you need to move quickly.
Plan the route and steps each family member will take on where to pass or exit during a disaster. Each member should have two exit points, in case one of them is blocked during the event.
It is a good idea for each family member (age permitting) to learn CPR and know basic first aid in case someone gets injured. Keep a copy of your birth certificates, passbooks, photos, and other important documents in a secure location that is easy to access.
One of the most important disaster prepraredness tips is to keep your wits about you. Staying calm and assessing the situation is crucial, to determine whether or not you need to leave your home or not.
First, grab the emergency kit and exit the house when there is a need. During an earthquake, lightning storm, or hurricane, stay in the house’s safest and durable area. Also, a good disaster preparedness tip is to take time to turn off electricity and gas pipes.
If it is necessary to leave your home, direct each family member to go to your designated meeting place that you prepped for in your drills.
If someone is badly hurt and needs medical attention, seek help, and bring him immediately to the closest hospital or medical facility.
What to do in the aftermath of a disaster
Check to make sure that each of your family members is accounted for and safe. In the event of an evactuation, talk to official emergency personnel regarding safety and the next steps.
If the event didn’t cause you to leave your home, but the power is out, turn on your battery-powered radio and listen to the news. Be careful with cracks, any structural damage, and falling objects in your house.
Again, if your family’s been evacuated, wait till authorities give you clearance. On the other hand, if staying at home seems to be dangerous, look for a safer place in the neighborhood at the soonest time.
All in all, preparation is always the best cure against any unexpected circumstance that an emergency might bring.